For many companies and their CIOs , The disturbing cruel reality is ： There are very few in the world today （ If any ） Companies are not at risk of data being stolen by cyber attacks .
The value of information and the growing availability and patience of hackers , It means that companies need to have full confidence that their security mechanisms are sufficient to monitor and withstand any attack that attempts to penetrate the system or steal data .
You bet , Any organization , Whether public or private , Will have some information that a third party may be interested in .
Whether it's through the acquisition of intellectual property rights to occupy a competitive advantage , Reduce the investment of money and time in launching new products to the market , Or political gain by creating chaos , Many companies store a lot of information that others might be happy to get .
Thanks to the rise of state sponsored cyber attacks , In recent years , Hacker's “ Tradition ” The image has changed in a way . Increasingly, this new form of attack cannot be seen as an individual act , It's organizational behavior .
“ Tradition ” Cyber gangs tend to be made up of a small number of people , there were snakes and vipers creeping around among the dragons -- the high and low were mixed together , They tend to target the whole company , A quick victory . They usually don't have enough time and resources for long-term hacking or targeting a specific individual , therefore , They withdraw when their general economic interests are in hand .
contrary , The organizations behind state sponsored cyber attacks often operate more like companies . They're bigger , Can invest a lot of time in research , Focus on the specific executives of the company , Hacking on a longer time scale .
They are also in a better position to develop new methods and technologies , Make it harder for companies to guard against .
Besides ,“ Springboard tactics ”, That is to use the tactics of one company to break into another and then penetrate into the whole supply chain , Its popularity and influence should not be underestimated . The private sector can sometimes be used as a gateway to the public sector , vice versa .
The effectiveness and profitability of network attacks is one of the main reasons why attacks are more and more frequent . A successful cyber attack can bring the perpetrator into contact with the organization 、 Personal and data .
and , The organizations behind state sponsored cyber attacks are often like “ real ” It's the same company that operates , We can see “ Principal position ” It's hackers who target companies and seek to break through their systems . This means that there are more attacks than before .
however , Because most state supported cyber attacks tend to last a long time before they are discovered , Currently available data usually does not provide a completely accurate real-time representation of the true severity of the problem .
Given the universality and nature of state sponsored cyber attacks , It is very difficult to obtain relevant information from the published materials . This means that companies usually search for （ Or monitoring ） Possible state supported attacks are struggling very much , Because they often don't know what to look for .
The biggest challenge for companies is , It's more likely to be an enterprise class, super patient and technological cyber criminal organization that only focuses on acquiring specific information , Many companies have relatively few people responsible for their own IT Security .
Another challenge , It's the time these criminal organizations use to develop new tactics for hacking into target systems or tracking specific people . The company is facing a rapidly changing situation , Usually, a company hasn't dealt with one type of attack , Another completely different type of attack is coming .
Needless to say , Companies need to have a modern robust and secure system to protect their network . But in fact , More efforts should be put into planning for hackers to actually enter the company's Network , And how to minimize the damage caused by hackers .
Companies should be faster in detecting intrusions , And ensure as little data loss as possible .
Besides , Staff should be trained to prevent cheating ： Any email or link that looks suspicious should be reported as soon as possible so that the rest of the company can be alerted immediately .