After taking part in the work , I read some books in my spare time , The above scenes can be found through psychology , Neurobiology and other related knowledge , At the same time, we can use this knowledge to make some improvements . So the following is an attempt to analyze this scene through psychology , At the same time, some improvement methods are put forward .
before this , We need to add some background .
1. Cerebral “ yearn ” Will drive us to do what makes us happy
Imagine a scene : You are a college student at this time , During the holidays , You find that you were too degenerate in school before ( All night games , Crazy about American dramas , Skipping classes ), I usually spend little time on my studies , So that in the final exam had to rush crazy , Even so , But still hang up high numbers . So be determined to change during the holidays , Study hard in the new term , Set yourself a goal for the final exam Scholarship . finally , The new term begins , It's time to welcome your new college life .
In order to achieve the goal of the final Scholarship , You know you need to study hard every day , At least I have to go to the study room to study in the evening . At dinner , Make up your mind to study advanced mathematics tonight ( Where to fall , Where to get up ). When I come back to my dorm after dinner , Habitually turn on the computer , I found that my American TV series had been updated , I have to see , It turns out that it's almost ten o'clock , It's time to wash and sleep . You feel guilty at this time , I feel that I have no self-control , So I decided tomorrow morning 5 Get up at half past nine to read and study ...
The above scenes are still fresh in my mind , This is a little episode in my college life .
There's one in our brains “ The reward system ”, When the brain finds opportunities for reward , Will release “ dopamine ”, Dopamine tells us what we need to pay attention to , How to get it . A lot of dopamine doesn't make you happy , It's more like an incentive . We'll wake up with a start , be fascinated . At this stage , We feel that we have found a way to be happy , And willing to work hard to get this feeling .
Above excerpts from 《 Self-control 》 Chapter five of . Here's our brain “ yearn ” The biological mechanism of , Notice here , Dopamine controls action , Not happiness . For us humans , Anything that makes us happy stimulates our reward system , for example ： Delicious food , The smile of a sexy stranger and so on . So why is our brain like this ？ This is actually a gift from the God of evolution , This mechanism ensures that we strive to get food 、 Try to attract the opposite sex , Only in this way can we ensure the survival and continuity of the race . It's just that this mechanism is not adapted to modern life , Because food is very easy to get right now . In this case, dopamine just makes you fatter .
Empathy , This mechanism will make us give in to some temptation , For example, in the scene at the beginning of the article “ Succumb to ” In American dramas .
2. Stress causes desire
Maybe you'll find out , Before we feel pressure ( Stress includes anger , sad , Self doubt , Negative emotions like anxiety ) When , More vulnerable to temptation , for example ： When you're not happy , I really want to eat . Why is that ？
This is actually a self-protection mechanism of the brain . The brain doesn't just protect our lives , Also want to maintain our mood ( It's our instinct to be happy ). So when you feel stressed , The brain goes into a reward seeking state . As long as the brain is connected to the promise of reward , We're going to yearn for this reward ( Dopamine ).
Here we need to pay attention to a kind of scene , When we set the next goal , But because of some external temptations , When it's not done , We feel self doubt , Depression and other pressures , This is when the brain goes into “ Looking for rewards ” The process of , And the cheapest , The quickest way to improve our mood may be the things that cause us to feel down , for example ： When smokers find that they are against today's goal of quitting smoking , The most likely way to relieve stress is to take another one (So sad). It could get into a cycle , Set goals -> Against the target -> Guilt , Go against the target again .
3. Making decisions can make us happy
I learned earlier that , Depression makes it easier for us to succumb to temptation , But sometimes , It will also lead us in other directions ： Make the decision to change .
for example ： When you go through a whole day of depravity , In the dead of night, because of self blame , Guilt , Cause tossing and turning , lie awake all night . At this point you have to be determined to change , So set yourself goals for tomorrow , Reading all day long , Then I look forward to the scene of working hard in the study room , At this time, I feel satisfied , Falling asleep ......
researcher (Janet Polivy and C.Peter Herman) Find out , When the mood is low , It's easiest for us to decide to make a change . Making a decision is a typical instant satisfaction -- Feel good when you don't do anything .
Although it's a good thing to make a decision to change , It shows that we have a desire to change the status quo , however , Changing the status quo can't be done in a day or two , It's a gradual process , If there are too good expectations ( I hope it works quickly ), It's very likely that we are facing a merciless blow from reality , And then we're down again , And then more vulnerable to temptation , The result of this is to make a decision to change the status quo in vain .
4. What can improve the mood ？
We talked about it earlier , Dopamine just drives us to do one thing , It doesn't make us really happy .
Imagine a scene ： I watched American TV all day , Finally, the ending is over , here , We just feel empty , as well as , The guilt of wasting a day . So you can see that , Dopamine is an ineffective mood improving strategy . So what can really improve our mood ？
The researchers found that , The answer is “ serotonin 、γ- Aminobutyric acid and oxytocin ” These substances , They can not only relieve stress , It also stops the brain from responding to stress , Reduce stress hormones in the body , A relaxing response that produces a healing effect . Get these substances , Is an effective strategy to improve the mood .
So how do we get these substances that can improve our mood ？ It's also very simple , The American Psychological Association found that , The following activities can obviously improve the mood ：
meditation , yoga .
read , Listen to the music .
With family , Go for a walk .
Prayer or religious activity .
After adding this background knowledge , Let's analyze the situation at the beginning of the article , And try to develop some feasible strategies .
First , We can see , In this scenario , The goals set are too large and distant , When it takes time , You will find that the target is still far away , At this point, I doubt myself , It can lead to stress , So it's easier to be seduced by the outside world , And now there are ways to be happier , will " be overcome by one 's feelings " Go ahead and do it . I feel guilty after I finish it , remorse , Put yourself under pressure again , Now set another goal , After contentment , In the process of implementation, we encountered setbacks .....
So in the face of this scenario , We can develop the following strategies ：
1. Set goals that are more practical , The goal is as small and challenging as possible , It makes it easier to be sure of yourself .
2. Announce your commitment to the public , for example ： What can't you do at what time , If you do , How to punish yourself .
3. If you break some promises , Don't blame yourself , This is not the end of the world , Try to accept your imperfections ( Accepting yourself ), At the same time, think about whether your goals are too harsh , If there is , Try to change , And do it .
4. When you're down , Understand what makes you really happy ！ Go to sports , To meditate , Don't let dopamine dominate you .
5. Try to meditate before bed .
Reference material ：
1.《 Self-control 》 Kelly • Magnegal , Wang cenhui . link .
2.《 reflection , Fast and slow 》 Daniel • Kahneman (Daniel Kahneman) Hu Xiaojiao Li Aimin . link .
3.《 See you later 》 Motivation in Hangzhou . link .
- App What are the consequences of the conflict between Party A and Party B in development ？H5 APP Can development change the status quo
With the comprehensive development of various applications App turn , because App And there are more and more cooperation disputes , There are many cases in which the court will eventually go to court .WeX5(html5 development tool ) Three typical real cases are summarized for you , It is convenient for you to experience the conflict between Party A and Party B . While watching others quarrel , you ...
- Change —— summary & planning （2016· One ）
Today is Lixia , The end of the day means the lunar calendar 2016 The first quarter of the year has passed , It also means that the real summer has come . If spring is the sowing time of crops , That summer can be seen as a growing season for crops , It's also the busiest time for farmers . This article is mainly about my past ...
- The world's top experts interpret for you ： What is real DevOps？
[ Editor's note ] This article is about Skytap Content editor Noel Wurst Yes DevOps Enterprise Summit (DOES) An incomplete review of , It includes Noel And some of the guests , It aims to outline D ...
- OOA/D 01
Architects generally don't work for a building 100 Add a new basement to a three story building , Because the cost is too high, it will undoubtedly fail , But when a similar change is required in a software system , They don't usually think about it , Instead, they would say : It's just a simple programming problem But there will always be some that seem extremely difficult to complete . but ...
- Personal permanent free -Excel The function of catalyst No 48 wave - Split the worksheet in the workbook , Is the Excel The world's SLR
A worksheet has multiple sheets of the same type , And then I want to do it in batches , Save each worksheet as a workbook file , This batch splitting workbook , Most plug-ins have this function , It's like knowing something VBA Advanced users often disdain plug-ins , Write to the line yourself V ...
- .NET Domain-driven design — practice ( Through the fog to the light )
Read the directory Introduction to 1.1 Sample introduction (OnlineExamination Introduction to online examination system ) 1.2 analysis . modeling ( Analyze the real business . Modeling ) 1.2.1 Use case analysis ( Extract all the functional requirements of the system ) 1.3 system ...
- R The influence of the thinking mode of "type" on software development （ draft ）
The pragmatic programmers I've been reading after work , Before mainly is the pure English version computer related algorithm , compiler , Mathematics, etc , I want to improve my daily work efficiency by reading these books , It turned out to be very little . One is , Because books in pure English ...
- linux Knowledge of operation and maintenance and RHEL7 Unix/Linux System Introduction and installation
How to be an excellent linux Operations staff ? If you have opportunities and conditions : Environment can temper one's ability and will . Dare to do something you've never done before , Every project is a great improvement to itself . There are good environmental resources ...
- Google File System translate （ turn ）
Abstract We designed and implemented google file system , A scalable distributed file system for large scale distributed data intensive applications . It runs on cheap commercial hardware and provides fault tolerance , High overall performance for a large number of clients . Although with the existing distributed file system ...
- C# Print barcode and ZPL
ZPL(Zebra Programming Language) It's zebra company ( A company that makes barcode printers ) The language of your own design , Because Zebra printers are so common , So far as I can see and know , Bar code printers are all zebra , So control ...
- USACO Section 5.1 Musical Themes（ enumeration ）
Direct enumeration O(n^3) Meeting TLE, Just a little optimization , Exit in time when it is impossible to get a better solution . In fact, it's just about Tao Shui , Although I submitted 6 The next time = =.. I'm too weak -------------------------------- ...
- css The pits I met —— Browser default style settings
Today, I write css style , Which USES <ul> label , Set up a series of effects to run , I found that the location is different from the setting .chrome Open check item on , Find out <ul> Labeled styles There's one more paragraph at the bottom : ul, ...
- In depth understanding of Java Object creation process ： Class initialization and instantiation
Abstract : stay Java in , An object must be properly initialized before it can be used , This is Java Specified in the specification . When instantiating an object ,JVM First, it checks whether the relevant type has been loaded and initialized , without , be JVM Load immediately and call the class ...
- Yes Java in properties Class
Reproduced in :https://www.cnblogs.com/bakari/p/3562244.html One .Java Properties class Java There is a more important class in Properties(Java.ut ...
- MySQL Set up cmd Command line login
1.MySQL The storage path of the built-in tools : D:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.6\bin For ease of use , We can add the above path to the environment variable of the system path in If you don't , ...
- VS Code & MacOS & Zsh
VS Code & MacOS & Zsh https://code.visualstudio.com/docs/setup/mac solution OK bug $ cat .zs ...
- Oral English practice series -C29- birds - Identification - A broken string harp
birds sparrow sparrow Britain ['spærəʊ] beautiful ['spæro] n. The sparrow : Short people swallow swallow Britain ['swɒləʊ] beautiful ['swɑlo] vt. Endure : swallow ...
- Selenium Get the URL
/** * getCurrentURL:(get the current page URL address). * @author huchan * @param driver --- the web ...
- Tomcat Servlet Study
reference : Talking about cookie Cross domain solutions ——document.domain(http://blog.csdn.net/zhouziyu2011/article/details/61200943) Ser ...