People see in the distance BIM Beautiful scenery and broad river blocking in front of us . Some people jump into the river with confidence and plan to swim across the river alone , But it failed . Some people build boats in a hurry and slide to the other side , But also failed .
How to continue this journey of exploration ？
Whether it's 《 Stargate 》 still 《 Fast and furious 》, Hollywood tells us that no matter how good a person is , He still needs a close team .
This article will continue from IT Think from the perspective of BIM, I hope to give you some inspiration .
Let's take a look at the explanation of agile development in Baidu Encyclopedia ：“ Agile development is centered on the evolution of users' requirements , Use iterations 、 Step by step approach to software development . In Agile Development , Software projects are divided into several subprojects at the beginning of construction , The results of each subproject have been tested , Have visibility 、 Features that can be integrated and run . In other words , It is to divide a large project into multiple interconnected projects , But small projects that can also run independently , And do it separately , In the process, the software is always available .”
The Encyclopedia also lists the values of Agile Modeling ： communicate , Simple , feedback , Courage , humility .
Just to summarize , Agile development is ：
A value ： communicate 、 Simple 、 feedback 、 Courage and humility .
One core ： With the evolution of users' needs as the core .
A pattern ： Iterative and incremental development .
One goal ： Keep the software continuously available .
The goal is
《 Command and Conquest 》 There's a classic slogan in it ：One vision,one purpose（ A vision , One goal ）. You can change this sentence a little to explain “ Keep the software continuously available ” This goal ：One version,one purpose（ A version , One use ）.
Prototype in software development is a basic practical model , It embodies the core function of the software . The prototype has been constantly improved , Formed the initial available software version . And the subsequent upgrade is to constantly improve the stability of the software 、 Performance and function .
Products need goals , Teams and individuals also need goals .
Peter, master of Management · Drucker put forward management by objectives when he started management , See the importance of goals . George · Dolan （George T. Doran） On the basis of Drucker, he put forward SMART principle , It simply and clearly reveals the principles of management by objectives .
SMART No SM Of ART, It is 5 The first letter of a word , Namely ：
Specific（ Concrete ）, The goal has to be specific .
Measurable（ Measurable ）, Goals have to be measurable .
Attainable（ It can be achieved ）, The goal has to be achievable .
Relevant（ dependent ）, The achievement of each goal is relevant .
Time-bound（ Time limited ）, There is a time limit to the achievement of the goal .
You may have heard of it WBS,GTD,6 Point priority system , Four quadrant rule , How tomatoes work and so on , The essence of these methods is to manage by objectives .
BIM What is the goal of ？ Solve the collision problem ？ Design continues to be accurate ？ The project is continuously controllable ？ Continuous optimization of resources ？ Progress continues to accelerate ？ Work continues to be automated ？ These can be BIM The goal of . Goals limit vision and enlarge brain cavities , The choices are different , The work will be different .
you hope BIM What's the goal ？
Goals are not achieved out of thin air , So how to achieve it ？
Agile development adopts a pattern ： Iterative and incremental development .
Scrum It's a major branch of agile development , It defines a mode of work , Contains specific roles 、 Processes and rules , In order to make the team develop more efficiently .
Scrum The term used in ：
Product orders （Product Backlog）, A prioritized list of functional requirements .
sprint （Sprint）, Time cycle for iterative and incremental development （ It's usually fixed ）, During this period, the team refined and realized some product orders , Deliver available software .
A user story （User Story）, Describe the desired function from the user's perspective in a short and simple way . It is usually described as ： As a < role >, I think < functional requirement >, In order to < benefit >.
Burnout figure （Burndown Chart）, The remaining working time and to-do items can be displayed through visual graphics .
Scrum mentor （Scrum Master）, Responsible for helping 、 guide 、 The management team follows Scrum Working mode, working .
Product owner （Product Owner）, Responsible for setting and managing goals , Maintain product orders .
The development team （Team）, A cross functional team of people responsible for self managing product development . Teams are self-organizing , Individuals need to help the rest of the team as much as possible across their own specialties .
Plan to （Sprint Planning Meeting）, At the beginning of every sprint , The product owner explains the requirements , Planning meeting for work estimation by the development team .
Every day we meet （Daily Standup Meeting）, It's an internal short meeting for the team to communicate every day , Because generally only 15 It's named after minutes and standing .
Review meeting （Review Meeting）, A meeting to demonstrate and evaluate to the product owner at the end of the sprint .
Review meeting （Retrospective Meeting）, A meeting about team and individual work improvement at the end of the sprint .
Scrum Common technical practices that teams use to improve the quality of their work ：
Test-driven development （TDD,Test-Driven Development）, Write unit test case code before developing function code , Test to drive the whole development . Test driven helps to optimize and improve the design and quality of software .
restructure （Refactoring）, Improve the quality of software by adjusting program code 、 performance , Make the design mode and structure of the program more reasonable , Improve the expansibility and maintainability of the software .
Collective ownership （Collective Ownership）, It means that all developers are jointly responsible for all the output content in the development process , Especially code and automated testing . It encourages any team member to work on any program module , Make sure developers don't become too specialized 、 I can only do some work , In order to avoid that only individual people know the problems of a certain place 、 Finish a job .
Continuous integration （Continuous Integration）, It means to integrate and test the developed and modified code in an automated way as soon as possible , This enables early detection of integration errors .
Pair programming （Pair Programming）, Two developers write code together , Help each other , Active discussion , Ability stack .
Maybe someone will wonder ： Just write a code , It's so complicated ？ In fact, construction engineering is not a drawing 、 It's as simple as building a brick .
At work we often hear ： I'm just a modeler , I'm only responsible for structural calculations , I'm only in charge of the program …… You'll hear people say ： He's a modeler , He's a computational structure , He came up with a plan …… I'll say it myself ： I built this model , This structure is calculated by me , It's my plan …… We in the field of Architecture , Have you ever thought about agility ？ Are you going to adopt agile ？ Is it possible to be agile ？ This is a direction worthy of exploration and practice .
No matter BIM Is it Fred · Brooks' silver bullet , At least it will be of great help to agile practice . Building data brings more power and space to the evolution of design and construction . Maybe ten years from now, people will only be responsible for creativity , The rest is up to Cortana、Siri and Now To complete .
I hear you “ With the evolution of users' needs as the core ”, The designer was furious 、 rise to one 's full height and smite the table ： Change the picture ？！
Let the bullet fly for a while , Let's have a look at ADAPT.
ADAPT yes 5 The first letter of an English word , They are successful and ongoing Scrum Essential activities .
consciousness （Awareness）： Realize that the current way of working is no longer effective .
yearn （Desire）： Eager for change , Eager to implement new ways of working to solve problems .
Ability （Ability）： By learning new ideas 、 New technology and new tools to have the ability to change .
Extension （Promotion）： Share and exchange knowledge and experience of change .
Pass on （Transfer）： Extend the impact of change to the whole company , Agile transformation of the whole organization .
Some programmers build their own camps based on the language they use , And then worship your own language , Ridicule and attack other language camps . It's like technology religion , Language is the God of believers . The same story is happening in Architecture , It's just that software tools are God here .CAD and BIM The war of words , various BIM Software war of words ……
It's only when we calm down that we realize , Primitive people made fire by drilling wood for warmth rather than incense , Language and tools are for solving problems, not for building religion .
If the model can be generated automatically , The inspection can be done automatically , Drawings can be drawn automatically , So can party A and designer walk hand in hand along the Bank of Daming Lake ？
Don't tease me. , How can these be automatic ？ Why not? ？ We don't think it's possible , Or we don't have the ability to make this possible ？ Look at the composition of our team , Architecture has , The model has , Where's the information ？ Building information model , It also sounds like IT I can't get rid of it , But there are still a lot of people who are interested in IT My understanding is that “ Repairing computers , I'm in charge of the network ”. Are we aware of BIM It's essentially a data model about architecture , And our current knowledge is not enough ？ Have you systematically considered the cooperation and integration of several specialties ？ Use CAD We may not be aware of the importance of interdisciplinary , But use BIM If there is still no such consciousness , Then I can only ha ha .
sense of worth
Software can be bought , Knowledge can be learned , Patterns can be set , Values ？
Is the formation of a person's values conscious or unconscious ？ Can values evolve or subvert ？
A team 、 organization 、 How did the values of the enterprise come into being ？
Inamori's business principle is “ What is right to be a man ”, It shows as ： fair 、 justice 、 justice 、 Courage 、 honest 、 Exercise patience 、 Strive 、 Goodwill 、 Care for 、 modesty 、 Fraternity, etc . Take a look back at the values of Agile Modeling , Very similar .
Amoeba management is essentially the same thing as agile development . The star is still the star , The moon is still the moon , The team or the team , Man or that man . What has changed behind success , It's values .
BIM It can be accurate to one part 、 A screw , We can use BIM Calculate the engineering quantity and the input of human and material resources . In a fully digital work activity , Everything is transparent , There's no privacy in teams and work , Realization “ Transparent as glass ”.
Although there are some technical problems in implementing these , But the biggest problem is —— Whether people can accept .
Executives are keen to learn all kinds of advanced theories , And then sigh “ It's always other people's children who are obedient ”. People are attracted by all kinds of reality shows and dream shows , Looking at one person after another “ Achieve your dream ”, And my life is spinning around . In the final analysis, all the problems focus on the human problem .
Why are the respondents on Zhihu very serious ？ Why are people in the open source community willing to share their code ？ Why Salman · Khan is willing to offer free courses to people ？
Are you ready to change your values ？ Welcome to BIM The world .
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