GitLab Installation method of

GitLab Two ways to install :

  • Compilation and installation

    • advantage : Can be customized . The database can either select MySQL, You can also choose PostgreSQL; The server can either select Apache, You can also choose Nginx.

    • shortcoming : Foreign sources are unstable , By the wall , Dependent packages are hard to download . The configuration process is tedious 、 complex , It's easy to have all kinds of problems . There's a lot of dependency , It's not easy to manage , uninstall GitLab Relative trouble .

  • adopt rpm Package installation

    • advantage : Simple installation process , Fast installation . use rpm Package installation method , Installed packages are easy to manage .

    • shortcoming : By default, the database adopts PostgreSQL, The server defaults to Nginx, It's not easy to customize .

Because the company is only equipped with one Alibaba cloud server , And no domain name is assigned . The server needs to run version control software 、bug Management software 、 Knowledge base and other programs , Only use ip Mode of access . Originally adopted GitLab+Apache+MySQL How to compile and install , And will GitLab Configured to be available through Form access , because bug Management software ( ZenTao ) It also runs on Apache above , The two sets of software are mutually exclusive , No solution can be found . meanwhile ,GitLab The registration of needs mailbox verification , Because the configuration methods provided on the Internet are all based on the domain name , You can't use it normally if you configure it on alicloud for many times .

therefore , You can only abandon the way you compile and install , And take rpm Package to install again .

install GitLab CE Omnibus package

yum install curl policycoreutils openssh-server openssh-clients postfix
systemctl enable sshd 
systemctl start sshd
systemctl enable postfix
systemctl start postfix

2. Add the GitLab package server and install the package

curl -sS | sudo bash
sudo yum install gitlab-ce

If you are not comfortable installing the repository through a piped script, you can find the entire script here and select and download the package manually and install using

curl -LJO
rpm -i gitlab-ce-XXX.rpm

3. Configure and start GitLab

sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure

The configuration file cat /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb

[root@git gitlab]# grep -v "#" gitlab.rb | sed '/^$/d'
external_url ''
gitlab_rails['gitlab_email_from'] = ''
gitlab_rails['backup_path'] = "/data/gitlab/backups"
gitlab_rails['smtp_enable'] = true
gitlab_rails['smtp_address'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_port'] = 25
gitlab_rails['smtp_user_name'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_password'] = "123456"
gitlab_rails['smtp_domain'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_authentication'] = "login"
gitlab_rails['smtp_enable_starttls_auto'] = true
user['git_user_name'] = "Git_Senyint_Admin"
user['git_user_email'] = ""

In order to better manage it, we close open registration

User registration

Gitlab Modify the default directory of backup files

You can also modify /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb To modify the default directory where backup files are stored :

gitlab_rails['backup_path'] = '/data/gitlab/backups'

/mnt/backups Change it to the directory where you want to store the backup , Use after modification gitlab-ctl reconfigure Command to reload the configuration file .

Gitlab Automatic backup

Add the following , Every morning 2 One point automatic backup :

0 2 * * * /opt/gitlab/bin/gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:create

Gitlab recovery

Again , Gitlab Recovery from backup is also very simple :

# Stop related data connection services 
gitlab-ctl stop unicorn
gitlab-ctl stop sidekiq # from 1393513186 Restore in numbered backup

gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:restore BACKUP=1393513186 # start-up Gitlab
sudo gitlab-ctl start
. Guaranteed recovery gitlab The version is the same 
. Guarantee /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb identical
. The backup path is the same /data/gitlab/backups chown git.root /data/gitlab/backups
chmod /data/gitlab/backups
chown git.git -R /data/gitlab/backups/*
cd /data/gitlab/backups/
gitlab-ctl stop unicorn
gitlab-ctl stop sidekiq gitlab-ctl status
gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:restore BACKUP=1510250560
gitlab-ctl start
gitlab-ctl status

The restore is written in the script , The new version is different from the boss
[root@gitlab data]# cat
#!/bin/bash cd /data/gitlab/backups/ restorename=`find /data/gitlab/backups/ -mtime -1 -name "*.tar" | awk -F "/" '{print $5}' | cut -d '_' -f 1-5` gitlab-ctl stop unicorn
gitlab-ctl stop sidekiq chown git.root /data/gitlab/backups
chmod 700 /data/gitlab/backups
chown git.git -R /data/gitlab/backups/* gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:restore BACKUP=${restorename} gitlab-ctl start # After recovery , have access to check Check
gitlab-rake gitlab:check SANITIZE=true

When the recovery check is , There will be a problem

Running /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/bin/check
Check GitLab API access: FAILED: Failed to connect to internal API
gitlab-shell self-check failed
Try fixing it:
Make sure GitLab is running;
Check the gitlab-shell configuration file:
sudo -u git -H editor /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/config.yml
Please fix the error above and rerun the checks. Checking GitLab Shell ... Finished Checking Gitaly ... default ... OK Checking Gitaly ... Finished Checking Sidekiq ... Running? ... no
Try fixing it:
sudo -u git -H RAILS_ENV=production bin/background_jobs start
For more information see:
doc/install/ in section "Install Init Script"
see log/sidekiq.log for possible errors
Please fix the error above and rerun the checks.

modify   vim /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/config.yml  gitlab_url  become

# GitLab user. git by default
user: git # Url to gitlab instance. Used for api calls. Should end with a slash.
gitlab_url: ""
#gitlab_url: ""

gitlab The configuration file

[root@gitlab data]# grep -v "#" /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb | sed '/^$/d'
external_url ''
gitlab_rails['gitlab_email_reply_to'] = ''
gitlab_rails['gitlab_default_can_create_group'] = false # It is forbidden to set up projects in one's own account
gitlab_rails['backup_path'] = "/data/gitlab/backups"
gitlab_rails['smtp_enable'] = true
gitlab_rails['smtp_address'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_port'] =
gitlab_rails['smtp_user_name'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_password'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_domain'] = ""
gitlab_rails['smtp_authentication'] = :login
gitlab_rails['smtp_enable_starttls_auto'] = true
gitlab_rails['smtp_tls'] = true
gitlab_rails['gitlab_email_from'] = ''

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